Nearly any task in NLP can be formulates as a sequence to sequence task: machine translation, summarization, question answering, and many more. In this module we will learn a general encoder-decoder-attention architecture that can be used to solve them. We will cover machine translation in more details and you will see how attention technique resembles word alignment task in traditional pipeline.
The original version of this story misstated the findings of two of Milling’s review articles. Hypnosis was found to significantly add to the benefits of standard medical care, not outperform it. Hypnosis was also found to reduce kids’ post-surgical pain, not to eliminate it. It also mischaracterized Milling’s view of the “suggestion” phase of hypnosis. Suggestions are a tailored invitation to experience imaginary events as if they were real. They are not dependent on the individual and they are not like asking a psychologist what they will say during psychotherapy.
"Michael -Thank you for an awesome 3 days of training on Covert Conversational Hypnosis! I'm looking forward to applying it to my copywriting for even higher conversions than I've been getting! I love that you built in enough time to practice what you were teaching us, so that we left knowing how to use it, rather than feeling overwhelmed and like it's one more thing to do! Please don't hesitate if there's anything I can do to support you. You rock!" -Beverly Bergman, Owner, Copywriting for Coaches

Thanks so much for your breakdown of conversational hypnosis. The area I think I could use help with is knowing when I am talking to their subconscious. Number 7 and 8 really seem to be areas that would be so helpful. I do have one question, if someone you are working with has borderline cognitive issues, and ADHD can conversational hypnosis work? Any information would be greatly appreciated. Again, thanks !


Last May [1843], a gentleman residing in Edinburgh, personally unknown to me, who had long resided in India, favored me with a letter expressing his approbation of the views which I had published on the nature and causes of hypnotic and mesmeric phenomena. In corroboration of my views, he referred to what he had previously witnessed in oriental regions, and recommended me to look into the Dabistan, a book lately published, for additional proof to the same effect. On much recommendation I immediately sent for a copy of the Dabistan, in which I found many statements corroborative of the fact, that the eastern saints are all self-hypnotisers, adopting means essentially the same as those which I had recommended for similar purposes.[51]

Hypnotism has also been used in forensics, sports, education, physical therapy, and rehabilitation.[78] Hypnotism has also been employed by artists for creative purposes, most notably the surrealist circle of André Breton who employed hypnosis, automatic writing, and sketches for creative purposes. Hypnotic methods have been used to re-experience drug states[79] and mystical experiences.[80][81] Self-hypnosis is popularly used to quit smoking, alleviate stress and anxiety, promote weight loss, and induce sleep hypnosis. Stage hypnosis can persuade people to perform unusual public feats.[82]


Meditation practice focuses on stilling or emptying the mind. Typically, meditators concentrate on their breath or a sound (mantra) they repeat to themselves. They may, alternatively, attempt to reach a state of “detached observation,” in which they are aware of their environment but do not become involved in thinking about it. In meditation, the body remains alert and in an upright position. In addition to formal sitting meditation, patients can be taught mindfulness meditation, which involves bringing a sense of awareness and focus to their involvement in everyday activities.
This conversational hypnosis course isn't the same as many courses on conversational hypnosis. My view is that many courses over-complicate how to do conversational hypnosis. I have over 20 years experience with conversational hypnosis, I can talk using all the impressive hypnotic language, but anyone who has heard a conversational hypnotist speak using Ericksonian hypnotic language patterns will know that it doesn't sound very conversational, it sounds like you are doing hypnosis, or at least that you are 'talking funny'. I have an Ericksonian Hypnotherapy course that teaches these skills for those that want them, but there is no need to learn most of the language pattern skills to be able to do conversational hypnosis, and in fact for beginners it can prevent being good at conversational hypnosis because people can focus too heavily on using hypnotic language, so they stop sounding like they are having a 'normal' conversation and instead sound like they are doing hypnosis.
Thanks so much for your breakdown of conversational hypnosis. The area I think I could use help with is knowing when I am talking to their subconscious. Number 7 and 8 really seem to be areas that would be so helpful. I do have one question, if someone you are working with has borderline cognitive issues, and ADHD can conversational hypnosis work? Any information would be greatly appreciated. Again, thanks !
People have been pondering and arguing over hypnosis for more than 200 years, but science has yet to fully explain how it actually happens. We see what a person does under hypnosis, but it isn't clear why he or she does it. This puzzle is really a small piece in a much bigger puzzle: how the human mind works. It's unlikely that scientists will arrive at a definitive explanation of the mind in the foreseeable future, so it's a good bet hypnosis will remain something of a mystery as well.
Hypnosis has been used as a pain relieving technique during dental surgery and related pain management regimens as well. Researchers like Jerjes and his team have reported that hypnosis can help even those patients who have acute to severe orodental pain.[135] Additionally, Meyerson and Uziel have suggested that hypnotic methods have been found to be highly fruitful for alleviating anxiety in patients suffering from severe dental phobia.[136]
Charcot operated a clinic at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital (thus, known as the "Paris School" or the "Salpêtrière School"), while Bernheim had a clinic in Nancy (known as the "Nancy School"). Charcot, who was influenced more by the Mesmerists, argued that hypnotism was an abnormal state of nervous functioning found only in certain hysterical women. He claimed that it manifested in a series of physical reactions that could be divided into distinct stages. Bernheim argued that anyone could be hypnotised, that it was an extension of normal psychological functioning, and that its effects were due to suggestion. After decades of debate, Bernheim's view dominated. Charcot's theory is now just a historical curiosity.[59]
In developing NLP, Bandler and Grinder were not responding to a paradigmatic crisis in psychology nor did they produce any data that caused a paradigmatic crisis in psychology. There is no sense in which Bandler and Grinder caused or participated in a paradigm shift. "What did Grinder and Bandler do that makes it impossible to continue doing psychology...without accepting their ideas? Nothing," argues Carroll.[38]

A 2006 declassified 1966 document obtained by the US Freedom of Information Act archive shows that hypnosis was investigated for military applications.[148] The full paper explores the potentials of operational uses.[148] The overall conclusion of the study was that there was no evidence that hypnosis could be used for military applications, and no clear evidence whether "hypnosis" is a definable phenomenon outside ordinary suggestion, motivation, and subject expectancy. According to the document:

The earliest definition of hypnosis was given by Braid[contradictory], who coined the term "hypnotism" as an abbreviation for "neuro-hypnotism", or nervous sleep, which he contrasted with normal sleep, and defined as: "a peculiar condition of the nervous system, induced by a fixed and abstracted attention of the mental and visual eye, on one object, not of an exciting nature."[21]
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